National

Foreign-Trained Doctors are Critical to Serving Many U.S. Communities

Report Author: 
American Immigration Council,
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Foreign-trained doctors in the United States play an indispensable role in providing health care to undeserved communities and fill health care shortages that impact millions of Americans. One-quarter of all practicing physicians in the U.S., around 247,000 doctors, are foreign-trained and therefore likely to be foreign-born. This report examines foreign-trained doctors and the socio-demographic characteristics of the Primary Care Service Areas (PCSAs) where they serve. Data was obtained from the American Medical Association (AMA), the U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

Do Human Capital Decisions Respond to the Returns to Education? Evidence from DACA

Report Author: 
Elira Kuka et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

This paper suggests that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program had a significant impact on young undocumented immigrants' decision-making. The paper highlights increases in high school attendance and high school graduation rates, increased pursuit of postsecondary education, and greater workforce participation by those pursuing education, as well as decreased teen fertility rates. The study draws on data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Factor Surveillance Survey, and a California Department of Education dataset.

Source Organization: 
Other

Municipal Suffrage, Sanctuary Cities, and the Contested Meaning of Citizenship

Report Author: 
Kenneth Stahl
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Adapted from his forthcoming book, The Democratic City: Local Citizenship in the Time of Globalization, this blog post by Kenneth Stahl examines how differing rules regarding suffrage at the local and federal level suggest the existence of different models of citizenship. For example, while San Francisco, Chicago and a few municipalities in Maryland grant non-citizens the right to vote in certain local elections, these individuals are barred from voting in state and federal elections.

Source Organization: 
Other

The U.S. Undocumented Population Fell Sharply During the Obama Era: Estimates for 2016

Report Author: 
Robert Warren
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

The undocumented immigrant population in the United States fell by nearly 1 million persons between the years 2010 and 2016 -- from 11.7 million to 10.8 million. The number of undocumented is at its lowest level since 2003. The largest undocumented group, persons from Mexico, has declined sharply. Undocumented Mexicans numbered 6.6 million in 2010 but fell to 5.7 million in 2016. Populations from South America (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) and Europe (Poland) also fell between 2010 and 2016.

Source Organization: 
Other

Evaluation activities and influences at the intersection of medical and social services

Report Author: 
Gottlieb, L., Ackerman. S., Wing, H., & Adler, N.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

Social determinants of health (SDH) have long influenced health-care based strategies; however, there has been little to no research regarding the impacts these SDH focused interventions have in clinical settings. In order to better understand this arena, a study comprised of 30 interviews with researchers was conducted, in order to uncover inside details regarding agencies bridging health and social service delivery. This study points out a clear lack of research on interventions which focus on the impact that programs which integrate social and medical care delivery can have on clients.

Source Organization: 
Other

The healthcare needs of Latinos with serious mental illness and the potential of peer navigators

Report Author: 
Corrigan, P., Torres, W., Lara, A., Sheehan, J., & Larson, L
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jul

The healthcare needs of Latinxs with severe mental illness, barriers to accessing care, potential solutions to those barriers and the possibility that peer navigators might be able to fill the gap were addressed by this study. Through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) model in which Latinxs with a lived experience of severe mental illness were involved at all stages of the process, focus groups and interviews were conducted with members of several Latinx communities in Chicago.

Source Organization: 
Other

Health care service utilization of documented and undocumented hired farmworkers in the U.S.

Report Author: 
Luo, T., & Escalante, C.L.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Access to healthcare is a major concern for documented and undocumented immigrant farmworkers.  According to Luo and Escalante (2017), immigrants constitute over half of the U.S. agriculture sector, but are significantly less likely to seek health care services than other farmworkers. Furthermore, the authors' research revealed that undocumented farmworkers are 10.7% less likely to seek health care services than migrant workers with a legal immigration status.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration policies and mental health morbidity among Latinos: A state-level analysis

Report Author: 
Hatzenbuehler, M.L., Prins, S.J., Flake, M., Philbin, M., Frazer, M.S., Hagen, D., & Hirsch, J.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

Social workers understand the importance of analyzing their client in the context of their environment. Macro structures (e.g. policy) have a direct impact on the mental health disparities and vulnerabilities of Latino populations. According to research by Hatzenbuehler et al. (2017), Latinos living in environments with exclusionary immigration policies and climates have significantly higher rates of poor mental health days than Latinos in less exclusionary environments.

Source Organization: 
Other

Deconstructing the legal process for the immigrant population in the United States: Ethical implications for mental health professionals

Report Author: 
Florence J. Lewis, Song E. Paik and Chi-Fang Tseng
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Understanding immigration legal processes is a necessary skill that many mental health professionals working with immigrant clients lack. Florence, Paik, and Tseng (2017) offer a brief introduction to the legal processes and types of immigration aid available to clients, while addressing the strengths and stressors involved so mental health professionals can competently treat immigrant clients. The article discusses obstacles and eligibility requirements that may prevent immigrant clients from obtaining visas or immigration relief (e.g. limited financial means).

Source Organization: 
Other

Sufficiently safeguarded?: Competency evaluations of mentally ill respondents in removal proceedings

Report Author: 
Sarah Sherman-Stokes
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 May

The outcomes of civil immigration cases, such as removal proceedings and asylum, have serious implications for migrants. The complex and confusing systems, processes, and practices of immigration court are compounded for immigrants who are incompetent or have mental illnesses. Therefore, immigrants deemed mentally incompetent are sometimes given court appointed legal counsel or guardians, but not assistance from mental health professionals.

Source Organization: 
Other

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