Research

Revival and Opportunity: Immigrants in Rural America

Report Author: 
Silva Mathema, Nicole Prchal Svajlenka & Anneliese Hermann
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Sep

Rural communities are a microcosm of the entire country: A number of them have had trouble adjusting to their immigrant neighbors, which is reflective of a national undercurrent of anti-immigrant sentiment that has reared its ugly head of late. Understanding lessons learned from the rural experience with immigration during these polarized times is critical. Revival and Opportunity: Immigrants in Rural America illustrates the geography of population growth or decline in rural communities, with a particular attention to changes in the immigrant population.

Source Organization: 
Center for American Progress

Detaining Families: A Study of Asylum Adjudication in Family Detention

Report Author: 
Ingrid Eagly, Esq., Steven Shafer, Esq. & Jana Whalley, Esq.
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Aug

The United States currently detains more protection-seeking families than any nation in the world. Since 2001, parents and their children have been held at various times in five different detention facilities in New Mexico, Texas, and Pennsylvania, as they seek asylum in the United States. The number of detention beds reserved exclusively for families has ballooned since the first facility opened in 2001. Between 2001 and 2016, capacity reserved exclusively for detaining families increased by an astronomical 3,400 percent.

Source Organization: 
American Immigration Council

Tearing Down the Second Wall: Ending USCIS’s Backlog of Citizenship Applications and Expanding Access to Naturalization for Immigrants: Third Addendum to Second Wall Report

Report Author: 
Diego Iñiguez-López
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jul

The National Partnership for New Americans (NPNA) released a third addendum to its Building a Second Wall report, which documents the growing backlog of naturalization applications since the start of the Trump presidency. The author suggests this backlog may be a “critical tool in the Trump administration’s attacks on immigrant communities” -- a tool designed to delay or deny citizenship to eligible immigrants.

Source Organization: 
Other

A Matter of Design: English Learner Program Models in K-12 Education

Report Author: 
Julie Sugarman
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jun

There are approximately five million students in United States’ schools who are classified as English Learners (ELs).  They speak a wide variety of languages and are educated in different ways depending on the school they attend. In this Migration Policy Institute (MPI) brief, “A Matter of Design: English Learner Program Models in K-12 Education,” author Julie Sugarman outlines the most common K-12 educational models used to improve English proficiency: dual language, bilingual/transitional bilingual, and English only.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Immigration and Crime and the Criminalization of Immigration

Report Author: 
Rubén G. Rumbaut, Katie Dingeman & Anthony Robles
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jun

A chapter in the forthcoming International Handbook of Migration Studies, Immigration and Crime and the Criminalization of Immigration provides a sweeping review of research on crime trends among the foreign-born in the U.S. dating back to the early 20th century. Without exception, this research shows an inverse relationship between criminal activity and the size of immigrant populations. For example, the incarceration rate of U.S.-born persons, as revealed in the 2000 census, was five times higher than that of young immigrant men.

Source Organization: 
Other

Economic Anxiety or Racial Resentment? An Evaluation of Attitudes toward Immigration in the U.S. from 1992 to 2016

Report Author: 
Steven V. Miller
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Aug

The 2016 U.S. presidential election intensified the debate over whether anti-immigration attitudes are due to economic anxiety or racism. While many journalists suggested that it was due to economic anxiety, statistical analysis conducted by Steven V. Miller of Clemson University found that “racial resentment” is the main and most reliable predictor of attitudes toward immigration.

Source Organization: 
Other

Exploitation Based on Migrant Status in the United States: Current Trends and Historical Roots

Report Author: 
Maria Linda Ontiveros
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

While the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in 1865, worker exploitation has continued in the United States particularly among non-citizen migrant workers. This situation is due in part to the U.S.’s long history of migrant labor use and the fact that, while federal law forbids discrimination based on national origin, it does not prohibit discrimination based on citizenship or migration status.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigrants as Economic Contributors: Immigrant Entrepreneurs

Report Author: 
Dan Kosten
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jul

Immigrants are vital economic contributors to the United States. The National Immigration Forum looks at the role of immigrants in the U.S. economy in a seven-part series of fact sheets. The fourth fact sheet, “Immigrants as Economic Contributions: Immigrant Entrepreneurs,” cites U.S. Census data, The Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurship, The National Foundation for American Policy and existing research that shows high entrepreneurialism among immigrants of all backgrounds and its positive local impact.

Source Organization: 
Other

Sources Shared on Twitter: A Case Study on Immigration

Report Author: 
Michael Barthel, Galen Stocking & Elizabeth M. Grieco
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Sources Shared on Twitter: A Case Study on Immigration, which aimed to better understand the types of information sources that users on one popular social media platform may see about a major national policy issue, finds that news organizations play a far larger role than other types of content providers, such as commentary or government sites. This is especially true in regards to one contentious issue: immigration.

Source Organization: 
Pew Research Center

Immigration Court Appearances Rates

Report Author: 
Olga Byrne
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

As Congress and the Trump Administration debate immigration policy reforms, one critical—and often misrepresented—piece of information is the extent to which individuals in immigration removal proceedings comply with their court appearance obligations. Based on available data, it is clear that immigrants appear for their immigration court hearings at high rates, particularly when they have legal representation or case management support, and accurate information related to the court process.

Source Organization: 
Other

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